No Imminent ‘Internet Apocalypse’ Despite Solar Superstorm Concerns

The internet has been teeming with warnings of a so-called ‘internet apocalypse’ triggered by an extremely strong solar storm, causing widespread worry among online users. This term ‘internet apocalypse’ originates from a 2021 study, Solar Superstorms: Planning for an Internet Apocalypse. Sangeetha Abdu Jyothi’s author admits regret over using such alarming language, stating the study “just got too much attention.”

The Origin of ‘Internet Apocalypse’

In her 2021 study, Jyothi explored how a potential ‘black swan’ event, such as an enormous solar superstorm, could cause substantial, long-lasting internet outages across the globe. She suggested that such an event could significantly disrupt daily human life, drawing parallels to the ongoing tumult caused by the recent pandemic. Jyothi’s ‘internet apocalypse’ phrase was recently reignited in a new study involving NASA’s Parker Solar Probe data. The research aimed to enhance our understanding of solar wind’s origin, which is crucial in predicting solar storms that could potentially damage satellites, electrical grids, and communication networks, including the internet. James Drake, co-author of the study and a representative from the University of Maryland-College Park, stated, “Winds carry lots of information from the sun to Earth, so understanding the mechanism behind the sun’s wind is important for practical reasons on Earth.” Drake explained that this knowledge influences our understanding of how the sun releases energy and drives geomagnetic storms, which can threaten our communication networks.

Clarifying Misconceptions

Contrary to the recent surge of panic-stricken headlines, NASA has not issued any warning using the term ‘internet apocalypse.’ Even though the Sun is predicted to reach its peak activity around 2024-2025, and major solar storms are expected thereafter; there is no solid evidence that these would be potent enough to trigger an internet outage. In an interview with, Vishal Upendran, a research associate at the Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory in California, stated it’s “good to be wary and perform continuous monitoring and evaluation of the sun-Earth system and the heliospheric system.” He added, “More studies are needed to make any strong statements regarding the strength of solar storms.”

Unfounded Fears and False Claims

Several unfounded claims have circulated on social media platforms such as YouTube, TikTok, Twitter, Reddit, and Instagram, adding fuel to the ‘internet apocalypse’ fire. One of the primary sources of alarm has been a non-existent NASA alert about an imminent ‘internet apocalypse.’ Furthermore, some speculations suggest that a lethal solar storm will hit in 2025. However, there are no science-backed predictions to support these claims. Upendran expressed that forecasting the severity of damage solar storms could inflict on Earth is complicated due to the complexity of the sun’s surface structures and their 3-D interactions with Earth’s magnetic field system.

Preparations and Safeguards

On the brighter side, safeguards are in place in the event of a solar superstorm. One such measure is an artificial intelligence model developed by Upendran and his team. This model can provide solar storm forecasts within seconds, and yields results every minute with a time horizon of 30 minutes. Upendran believes this early warning system could provide sufficient time for satellite operators, power grid managers, and telecommunication companies to take their systems offline temporarily. This preventive measure could help reduce damage, avert long-term outages, and safeguard us from an actual ‘internet apocalypse.’ Despite the overwhelming misinformation, it’s essential to note that there’s no imminent internet apocalypse. Continual research and monitoring are necessary to understand better and prepare for the potential impacts of solar superstorms on our digital infrastructure.

Preserving our Digital Infrastructure

Our digital infrastructure serves as the backbone of modern society. An interruption, even for a short period, could have significant consequences. Thus, protecting it from potential threats such as solar superstorms is paramount. While generating considerable controversy, Sangeetha Abdu Jyothi’s study has at least sparked an important dialogue on how we should prepare for such rare but potentially impactful events.

Focus on Continuous Monitoring and Research

Experts emphasize the importance of continuous monitoring of the sun-Earth system and the heliospheric system. Tools like NASA’s Parker Solar Probe are integral to this process. Launched in 2018, this probe provides invaluable data that helps us predict solar storms and their potential effects on our planet. Continuing research and investment into such studies is critical for ensuring our preparedness. Through this ongoing scientific investigation, we can better understand solar activity and devise effective strategies to safeguard our communication networks from potential solar superstorms.


In conclusion, while the term ‘internet apocalypse’ may have caused unnecessary panic, the underlying issue is a matter of global concern. It highlights the need for continuous monitoring of solar activities, further research, and leveraging advanced technology to future-proof our digital infrastructure. This will enable us to predict potential threats better, implement effective protective measures, and mitigate the possible impacts of a major solar storm. As we continue to depend more heavily on digital connectivity, maintaining the resilience of our digital infrastructure becomes all the more critical.